Anxiety and stress are normal human conditions that most people experience at time. When an individual is faced with a challenging or crucial situation, it is natural feel anxious or stressed out. However, when anxiety and stress occur persistently in severe forms, it is no longer a normal condition. This situation can be termed as anxiety disorder that interferes with the normal life of the patient significantly. Constant stress, fear, and worry over small things can eventually be crippling and affect the health of the individual adversely.
Common symptoms of a stress or anxiety disorder include the following:
• Uncontrollable, obsessive panic attacks
• Feeling of fear and uneasiness
• Nightmares and disturbed sleep
• Repetitive thoughts of traumatic past experiences
• Ritualistic behavior
• Cold or sweaty limbs
• Irregular sleep
• Shortness of breath
• Dry mouth
• Inability to stay calm
• Tingling sensation or numbness in limbs
• Muscular tension
The treatment for a serious condition of anxiety or stress begins with recognition of the fact that something is seriously wrong and seeking professional help for it. Many people refuse to accept that their condition of stress or anxiety needs medical attention and the condition may continue to worsen due to lack of care. Once the patient receives attention from a medical professional, an appropriate diagnosis can be done and treatment can begin.
The doctor will determine which kind of medications may be appropriate for the patient, depending on the degree of anxiety and stress involved. Medications for this condition may take about one to two months to take full effect. If the patient reports poor recovery with one type of medication course, the doctor may try another course or a combination of more than one course.
A combination of antidepressant drugs may be administered in some cases of anxiety disorder. Two antidepressants belonging to different classes may be combined to boost the impact of the medication. Sometimes mood stabilizer drugs or antipsychotic medications may also be combined with antidepressants for better outcomes.
Depending on the type of drug combination used, the patient may have to face certain side effects, but these side effects will usually subside as the body becomes adapted to the medication course. The dosage of antidepressants must be gradually reduced over a period of time as the condition of the patient improves.