The human body’s immune system is designed to fight off extraneous invaders such as harmful viruses and bacteria. However, for reasons still unknown to science, in case of Diabetes, the immune system itself attacks healthy cells in the body. Diabetes is classified as Type 1 and Type 2, and different treatments are required for each type.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes symptoms usually show very quickly in the body, and are caused due to an abnormal rise in blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia). The tendency to develop type diabetes may be hereditary in some cases, but usually people with no known family history acquire this disease.
The disease can be diagnosed with an evaluation of the patient’s medical history, physical examination and blood tests as prescribed by the American Diabetes Association. Treatment for Type 1 diabetes must be carried out lifelong to maintain blood sugar levels within a desired range. There is no permanent cure available for this disease.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of the disease, which affects more than 90 percent of the diabetes patients in the U.S. Until a few years ago, it was believed that children are affected only by type 2 diabetes, but now there are a growing number of cases where children are diagnosed with disease.
Men are the most affected by type 2 diabetes. At one time, this disease was described as the non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult onset diabetes because it would typically affect only in adulthood. Type 2 Diabetes can lead to serious health problems, which makes it critically important to diagnose, treat and manage the disease carefully.
Causes, Prevention and Treatment
The imbalance of hormone insulin in the body is known to cause type 2 diabetes. Lack of physical activity and obesity are known to be two common causes behind type 2 diabetes. However, not everyone who is obese or following a sedentary lifestyle may be affected by this disease.
In any case, healthy individuals can prevent the onset of this disease by following a healthy lifestyle and balanced diet. People suffering from this disease can take care to prevent specific diabetes complications and lead a normal life. Maintaining a healthy diet is crucial in case of people with diabetes.
Non-Insulin diabetes injectables are recommended for patients suffering from type 2 diabetes who need to be on medication. Oral diabetes drugs are available that help regulate blood sugar levels in patients whose body still produces some insulin.