Asthma affects more than 34 million people in the United States. Wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness are the common symptoms during an asthmatic attack. Asthma among kids appears to be on the rise, but with improved treatments available today, the patients can enjoy a good quality of life.
Asthma is marked by an inflammation of the bronchial tubes along with an abnormal production of sticky secretions within the tubes. As a result, the airways become tight, inflamed or filled with mucus. Common symptoms of asthma include wheezing, coughing at night, shortness of breath, and pain, pressure or tightness in the chest. Symptoms may differ in the same patient during different asthmatic attacks. In some cases, the asthma may exist for extended periods without showing any symptoms, while in other cases, the symptoms may show almost every day.
Different patients may require different types of asthma treatment, depending on the severity of the condition. Common treatments may vary from oral medications to anti-inflammatory drugs, to bronchodilator inhalers to asthma drugs delivered via nebulizer. A close consultation between the doctor and patient over a period of time may help determine the best course of treatment for the particular patient.
In most cases, early and aggressive treatment for asthma is crucial to reducing asthma symptoms and preventing serious asthmatic attacks. New and advanced asthma medications are available on the market today that can work quickly and help stop coughing and wheezing. Patients should keep the prescribed drugs handy for use during an asthmatic attack.
Inhalers and Nebulizers
In recent years, the popularity of bronchodilators and nebulizers has grown because of their high level of effectiveness for asthma patients. Asthma problem has growth significantly among children over the past few decades. Nebulizers are an effective solution, and easy to use for children. In the past, nebulizers were mostly available at healthcare facilities alone, but with advancements in technology, affordably priced nebulizers are available for home treatment. Inhalers are another common way to address asthma attacks in an emergency. All the patient needs to do is puff and breathe, and the airway becomes clear.
Anti-inflammatory drugs and steroid based medications may be prescribed in severe cases of asthma where thick mucus blocks the airways and even causes swelling in the airways. Bronchodilators may be used effectively in a situation where the patient feels tightness in the chest or lungs. Stronger asthma medications may have certain side effects, which the doctor will discuss with the patient before prescribing the drugs.